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8 Ornaments

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Ainu History and Culture

1●Ainu People
2●Eating Habits
3●Wild Vegetable
10●Religion/"Sending Spirits Back"
11●Life of the Ainu
12●Sacred Dances
13●Oral Literature
15●Ainu Museum


Men wore a crown called "sapanupe" for important ceremonies. Sapanpe was made from wood fiber with bundles of partially-shaved wood. This crown had wooden figures of animal gods and other ornaments on its center. Men carried an "emush" (sword) secured by an "emush at" strap to their shoulders.

Women wore a "matanpushi" (embroidered headband) and "ninkari" (earrings).


Accessories for men

Accessories for women

Ninkari was a metal ring with a ball. Women wore it through a hole in the ear. Matanpushi and ninkari were originally worn by men. However, women wear them now. Furthermore, aprons called "maidari" now are a part of women's formal clothes. However, some old documents say that men wore maidari. Women sometimes wore a bracelet called "tekunkani."

"ninkari" (earrings)


Women wore a necklace called "rekutunpe," a long, narrow strip of cloth with metal plaques. Furthermore, they wore a necklace reaching the breast called "tamasay" or "shitoki." Glass balls were usually used for tamasay. Some glass balls were brought to the Ainu through trade with the Asian continent. The Ainu also obtained those which were secretly made by the Matsumae Clan.



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